These collected bodies of work trace a journey from more to less control. A growing sense of the futility of manipulating materials to produce expressive content consciously set me on this path. I enjoy constructing compositional processes that give me surprising results when they run their course. While painting I try to sustain a state of tension between knowing what I'm doing and being lost. I'm free to reject the efforts that don't sustain my attention as every attempt pushes the boundaries of a self-imposed system. It provides the incentive to try again—as any gambler would play one more card.